The World War II in the Philippines started and ended in Baguio City. It began with the first Japanese overt aerial raid over Camp John Hay hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on 8 December 1941. On 27 December the same year, the Japanese Imperial forces occupied Baguio city and used Camp John Hay as their military base.

On 31 August 1945, a Filipino guerilla patrol led by Lt Macario Albaradillo from the Combat Company of the 14th Infantry then attached to the US 37th Division, penetrated the Japanese lines and succeeded in locating the elements of Yamashita’s headquarters in Mount Napulawan, Ifugao. This paved the way to the Battle of Kiangan led by joint Filipino and American forces under the United States Army Forces in the Philippines – Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL).

On September 2, 1945 Japanese Imperial Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the “Tiger of Malaya”, was captured by Filipino guerillas of the USAFIP-NL in Kiangan, Ifugao. He was brought to Camp Spencer in Luna, La Union on same day. Also known as the Yamashita Fall, the capture of General Yamashita and his remaining men signaled the end of World War II. The next day, the fallen general was brought to Baguio City to formally surrender. He signed the surrender paper on 03 September 1945 at Camp John Hay

General Yamashita Tomoyuki together with Admiral Denshichi Okochi, formally surrendered their forces at Camp John Hay, Baguio City. Ranking officers of the U.S. Army attended, including General Jonathan Wainwright (who surrendered Corregidor in 1942). Hence, the war ended where it started – at Camp John Hay, Baguio City. On same date in Hawaii, Japan formally signed the surrender documents on board the USS Misouri. Surrenders of Japanese forces in other parts of the Philippines took place over the following weeks. Japanese soldiers were interned in prison camps while civilians were gradually repatriated to Japan.

Republic Act 11216, which took effect on February 2019, declares September 3 as a special working public holiday throughout the country in commemoration of the surrender of Yamashita.

SEPTEMBER 9, 1945 VICTORY DAY IN NEGROS ISLAND

SEPTEMBER 3, 1945 END OF WORLD WAR II IN BAGUIO

SEPTEMBER 2, 1945 SURRENDER OF GENERAL YAMASHITA AT KIANGAN, IFUGAO

AUGUST 15, 1945   LIBERATION OF BENGUET

AUGUST 4, 1945   LIBERATION OF ATOK, BENGUET

JULY 26, 1945 LIBERATION OF NATONIN, MOUNTAIN PROVINCE

JULY 20, 1945 LIBERATION OF MANKAYAN, BENGUET

JULY 19, 1945 LIBERATION OF KABAYAN, BENGUET

JULY 17, 1945   LIBERATION OF BOKOD, BENGUET

JUNE 27, 1945   LIBERATION OF APARRI, CAGAYAN

JUNE 25, 1945   LIBERATION OF TUGUEGARAO CAGAYAN

JUNE 19, 1945   LIBERATION OF ILAGAN, ISABELA

JUNE 14, 1945  BATTLE OF BESSANG PASS  

MAY 20, 1945 LIBERATION OF MALAYBALAY, BUKIDNON

MAY 17, 1945 LIBERATION OF KIBUNGAN & TUBLAY, BENGUET

MAY 17, 1945 BATTLE OF IPO DAM

MAY 14, 1945 BATTLE OF MALEPUNYO

MAY 13, 1945 BATTLE OF BALETE PASS  

MAY 3, 1945 BATTLE OF ISING

MAY 3, 1945 LIBERATION OF DAVAO CITY

APRIL 28, 1945 LIBERATION OF DIGOS, DAVAO CITY

APRIL 27, 1945 LIBERATION OF BAGUIO CITY

APRIL 26, 1945 LIBERATION OF  TUBA, BENGUET

APRIL 26, 1945 LIBERATION OF  DUMAGUETE CITY

APRIL 22, 1945 A SALUTE TO VALOR – PALAWAN LIBERATION

APRIL 20, 1945 LIBERATION OF DUMAGUETE CITY

APRIL 20, 1945 LIBERATION OF PIKIT

APRIL 18, 1945 LANDING IN COTABATO

APRIL 17, 1945 LIBERATION OF PARANG,  MAGUINDANAO

APRIL 10, 1945 LIBERATION OF SABLAN, BENGUET

APRIL 9, 1945 LANDING IN JOLO ISLAND

APRIL 1, 1945 LIBERATION OF BURGOS, LA UNION

APRIL 1, 1945 LANDING IN LEGASPI

MARCH 29, 1945 LIBERATION OF LIPA CITY

MARCH 29, 1945 LANDING IN NEGROS ISLAND

MARCH 26, 1945 LANDING IN TALISAY, CEBU

MARCH 19, 1945 BATTLE OF BACSIL RIDGE

MARCH 19, 1945 LIBERATION OF BAUANG, LA UNION

MARCH 18, 1945 LIBERATION OF PANAY, ROMBLON, AND GUIMARAS 

MARCH 17, 2004  ILOILO VETERANS MEMORIAL DAY 

MARCH 10, 1945   LIBERATION OF ZAMBOANGA