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Surrender of General Yamashita in Kiangan, Ifugao

The World War II spanned for nearly four years and the clash between the Allied and Axis powers killed millions of people and destroyed billions worth of property. Several Japanese soldiers of the Shobu group assigned in Luzon led by Japanese Imperial Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita, also known as the “Tiger of Malaya”, refused the order of Japanese Emperor Hirohito to surrender and insisted to continue waging war. The Japanese Shobu group continued to fight against the combined forces of the US 6th, 32nd and 37th supported by different guerrilla groups primarily coming from the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines – Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL). With the combined Filipino and American forces advancing towards the Japanese Forces, General Yamashita tried to rebuild his army but was forced to retreat from Manila to the mountains of Ifugao and Cordillera.

General Yamashita and his remaining forces were pressured by the unrelenting onslaught of the combined United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) and the Philippine guerrilla movement in Kiangan’s forested and once-entrenched Nabuilaguian Hill. Following almost a month of bombardment, General Yamashita and his troops were eventually cornered and captured by the operatives from the “A” Company, 11th Infantry, USAFIP-NL in Kiangan, Ifugao. The USAFIP-NL which captured General Yamashita consisted of Igorot fighters.

On 02 September 1945, the World War II ended when General Yamashita was captured. The captured general and his soldiers were then airlifted to Baguio City the next day where he formally signed the surrender documents before American Forces in Camp John Hay on September 3, 1945. The fall of General Yamashita is commemorated every 2nd of September as “Victory Day”, marking the liberation of the Philippines from the oppressive Japanese rule.


Sep 02 2023


All Day

Local Time

  • Timezone: America/New_York
  • Date: Sep 01 - 02 2023
  • Time: All Day


Kiangan, Ifugao

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