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Liberation of Benguet

The liberation campaign for North Luzon including Benguet started when American Forces carrying supply of food and ammunition landed in Lingayen Gulf on 9 January 1945. A cooperative effort between the 33rd and 37th Division of the Sixth U.S. Army and the Cordilleran guerrillas of the 66th Infantry, USAFIP-NL, the liberation of Benguet was an Allied campaign to recapture Baguio from the Japanese. Having been retaken as early as 7 March 1945, Kapangan was the location of the 66th Infantry’s headquarters in Benguet.

The presence of the USAFIP-NL headquarters proved to be pivotal as it paved the way for the transmission of the intelligence reports on Japanese operations and presence in Cordillera. With this, liberation of Benguet towns came easily, one after another, in the succeeding months. On April 25, the 66th Infantry, USAFIP-NL and 37th U.S. Division finally entered the city of Baguio after an intense skirmish against the Japanese enemies who established their defense line at Irisan Bridge that connects Baguio to Sablan, a town which was liberated on 10 April 1945. As the city’s high grounds such as the Mirador and Observatory Hills were initially used by the Japanese to fire upon advancing Allied troops, mopping up operations were immediately conducted to clear the city of possible enemy presence.

With the Filipino guerrillas’ swift clearing out of the town of La Trinidad, the 37th Division of the U.S. Army successfully captured the town without enemy opposition on 29 April 1945. The 37th Division liberated Bokod on 17 July 1945 with the main goalof capturing the Daklan Airstrip located in the town. Just two days after, the liberation of the town of Kabayan followed the successful retaking from enemy control on July 19. On the following day, Mankayan was liberated after an intense battle between the 66th Infantry and the Tora Division of the Japanese army – leading to the capture of the Japanese garrison on July 20. The final engagement of the 66th Infantry was the Battle of Bad-ayan Hill in Buguias. The liberation of Benguet was formally declared on 15 August 1945 when Japan’s Emperor Hirohito formally surrendered and ordered the Imperial Japanese Army for a ceasefire.

Date

Aug 15 2022

Time

All Day

Local Time

  • Timezone: America/New_York
  • Date: Aug 14 - 15 2022
  • Time: All Day

Location

La Trinidad, Benguet
Benguet

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