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Formal Surrender of Imperial Japanese Forces in Baguio City

The World War II in the Philippines started and ended in Baguio City. It began with the first Japanese overt aerial raid over Camp John Hay hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on 8 December 1941. On 27 December the same year, the Japanese Imperial forces occupied Baguio city and used Camp John Hay as their military base.

On 31 August 1945, a Filipino guerilla patrol led by Lt Macario Albaradillo from the Combat Company of the 14th Infantry then attached to the US 37th Division, penetrated the Japanese lines and succeeded in locating the elements of Yamashita’s headquarters in Mount Napulawan, Ifugao. This paved the way to the Battle of Kiangan led by joint Filipino and American forces under the United States Army Forces in the Philippines – Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL).

On September 2, 1945 Japanese Imperial Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the “Tiger of Malaya”, was captured by Filipino guerillas of the USAFIP-NL in Kiangan, Ifugao. He was brought to Camp Spencer in Luna, La Union on same day. Also known as the Yamashita Fall, the capture of General Yamashita and his remaining men signaled the end of World War II. The next day, the fallen general was brought to Baguio City to formally surrender. He signed the surrender paper on 03 September 1945 at Camp John Hay

General Yamashita Tomoyuki together with Admiral Denshichi Okochi, formally surrendered their forces at Camp John Hay, Baguio City. Ranking officers of the U.S. Army attended, including General Jonathan Wainwright (who surrendered Corregidor in 1942). Hence, the war ended where it started – at Camp John Hay, Baguio City. On same date in Hawaii, Japan formally signed the surrender documents on board the USS Misouri. Surrenders of Japanese forces in other parts of the Philippines took place over the following weeks. Japanese soldiers were interned in prison camps while civilians were gradually repatriated to Japan.

Republic Act 11216, which took effect on February 2019, declares September 3 as a special working public holiday throughout the country in commemoration of the surrender of Yamashita.

Date

Sep 03 2022

Time

All Day

Local Time

  • Timezone: America/New_York
  • Date: Sep 02 - 03 2022
  • Time: All Day

Location

Baguio City, Benguet
Benguet

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